How to Keep Your Rat Cage Smelling Lovely
When I first started keeping rats, I was overwhelmed by the amount of cleaning (I thought) they required to keep their home and mine smelling fresh. There are certain things you must do daily, but with a proper setup, they don't need to take more than 5 minutes. You should only need pull everything out for a wash once every seven to ten days, depending on the number of rats you keep and their cage size.
DIY Wipe Recipe
- Start with a Rubbermaid-style container large enough to hold a roll of paper towels
- Add a roll of heavy-duty paper towels (the cheap ones fall apart, don't use them)
- Add diluted white vinegar until the towels are damp, about like baby wipes.
- Use your wipes to clean your cage daily.
Daily Cleaning Practices
The stinky part of keeping rats is the pee, not so much their poo. Pee from the same day is not smelly, but give it overnight to develop ammonia and it will snowball into a stifling odor, and a risk to your rats' respiratory health. That's why it's so important to wipe down surfaces where urine can accumulate every day.
While both boys and girls will poo in their litter pans, they will not always be so discriminating in where they pee. Girls may or may not urinate in a specific area, and often go where ever. Boys mark, and while it does not smell any worse than normal pee, it's dribbled all over the place just to make a point.
Everything your pets' feet touch is a potential smell waiting to happen. This is especially true in a small space like a bedroom, which is where my rats live so they can get their eight hours of darkness to stay healthy. These are the spots you should wipe down daily with baby wipes or a homemade equivalent. That's it. That's the big secret to a nice smelling, rat-loving home. Just wipe.
How to Setup a Cage to Make Daily Cleaning Easier
Running around their cage, rats can get urine on a number of items both inside and out of it. You need to wipe down areas surrounding their cage like walls and flooring. Fortunately, there are urine and litter guards you can buy or make to eliminate out-of-cage cleaning requirements. These pieces will still need cleaning, but your carpet is safe. You can also use sheets of plastic protectors for carpet and furniture to set the cage on. These are cheap and easily wiped down. Find them in hardware stores.
If your cage has multiple levels, and these levels are comprised of wire shelves, you can bet that what's below them is getting peed on. Not only that, but as drips of urine make their way down, they spatter when they hit. I know from experience that these shelves are not easy to wipe and generally contribute to more mess. My Silent Spinner exercise wheel has been kept under this type of shelving and is not easy to clean. It is one of the main culprits of odor accumulation in my rats' home. It is not easily taken in and out for cleaning, so I had to devise new shelves that didn't allow urine to travel.
Some solutions include:
- Wrapping levels in puppy pee-pads
- Clipping on fleece linings
- Suspending new, solid DIY levels
- Removing levels entirely and replacing with hammocks and/or climbing toys
Fleece and Fabrics in the Cage
These can be some of the smelliest items. I find I need to swap out hammocks every three to four days, which is when it becomes noticeable in my small space. It can be more frequent in my boys' cage than in my girls' because of the difference in their elimination habits. For this reason, I choose not to line the entire cage with fleece, as many owners do. I throw a number of small towels and rags into a tub/pan for a bed and generally use newspaper or shredded paper for regular lining. Some kind of actual small animal bedding should be used in their litter pans. My favorite is Yesterday's News from the cat litter aisle of the pet store.
Because they need changing out so frequently, hammocks and bedding rags should be numerous. You can get a pack of 20 plain white wash cloths from Wal-Mart for something like $4. Toss them in a grocery sack as they get soiled and wash with bleach once a week in the laundry.
You can make several hammocks yourself for as little as $5 for six to ten of them, without a sewing machine or needle/thread. Just buy one skein of Red Heart Saver yarn, any color, and one crochet hook. Google how to single crochet and off you go. It's MUCH easier than it looks, and it lets you feel somewhat productive while you catch up on your favorite show during a Netflix binge. Hang them with 1" - 2" aluminum carabiner rings, also called D-ring clasps. I have learned to skip some spots in the very middle for little poops to escape so my ratties aren't sleeping in a pile of poo in their hammocks.
The Deep Clean
The deep clean is the part of your cleaning routine that actually takes work and should be done once a week, or every seven to ten days. This is when you pull out the shelves, toys, and cage bottom for a good soaking and disinfecting. If the rest of the cage cannot be disassembled, wipe down the bars inside and out as best you can.
Vinegar will neutralize ammonia, so I soak all my rat rags and hammocks in a tub of diluted white vinegar before running it through the laundry. This also has the benefit of removing food crumbs and pellets that could clog up your washer later. It comes out smelling fine. Other items like toys and wheels, I soak in vinegar for a few minutes first, then add bleach to disinfect. Make sure everything is rinsed well and totally dry before you put your ratties back.
References & Further Reading on Cage Hygiene
In addition to my own experiences, I found the following sites were particularly helpful in developing proper cage cleaning routines.
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