How to Make Friends With Crows
The Family of Crows in My Neighborhood
In 2010, I was sitting on the steps in front of my house watching my kids play on the sidewalk when I looked up and saw a crow sitting on the telephone wire. While my kids chattered and squawked and fought over who got the green chalk, that crow sat with her head cocked to one side, observing us with one friendly black eye. Although I can't be certain, it sure seemed like she was just as amused as I was.
I'm not an ornithologist or even a birdwatcher, but crows intrigue me. Since that day, I have become friends with the neighborhood crows, and I've learned a thing or three along the way.
The Way to a Crow's Heart
The best way to introduce yourself to a crow is by feeding it. I'm sure there are other ways to go about it, but the easiest, fastest way to a crow's heart is food.
Some may argue that a crow is a wild animal and by feeding it, you encourage an unnatural dependence. And with most wildlife, this is an excellent philosophy. But crows and humans have been living side-by-side for centuries now, and researchers like Marzluff and Angell, who wrote In the Company of Crows and Ravens, point to many instances of cultural coevolution between us. It's been an arguably symbiotic relationship for quite awhile now.
Certainly, after all this time together, humans' and crows' lives and histories have become closely intertwined. I moved to this neighborhood in this small city 15 years ago. I'm relatively new here, but since crows have territories they pass on to their children, the crows in my neighborhood may have descended from birds who lived here more than a hundred years ago. They've watched people come and go for years, people who may have watched them right back.
So anyway, we're neighbors, and feeding is the neighborly thing to do.
How to Make Friends With a Crow: Step-by-Step
- Find some food that the crow seems to like. This requires some trial and error, as they can —or maybe it's just the urban ones who can—be surprisingly finicky. You'll know the crow likes it judging by how quickly it swoops down to grab it. If that pile of leftovers sits all day, they just aren't interested, so try something else, only make sure it's healthy. Crows like junk food, but giving it to them is probably not a kind thing to do. (For more food options, Aves Noir has a nice list of things crows do and don't like.)
- Stock that food. Buy enough so you don't run out. I buy huge bags of unsalted peanuts from Costco. If you have any menu suggestions, please share them in the comments section below.
- Establish a regular feeding schedule, so they know when to expect you and vice versa. If you don't establish a rhythm for interaction, the relationship may never gel. And don't feed them so much that they become dependent—just a handful of something to show you care.
- Be dependable, steadfast, and observant. Don't just throw the food out there and walk away. Stay (at a safe distance) to watch them eat (or select carefully and fly off to cache it for later). Since crows have territories, take some time to try to get to know how big your local crow family is. (FYI usually, a mated pair builds a nest and lays an egg or two every year. Some of the previous years' hatchlings hang around for several years before they move away to mate and take a new territory. This is what a "normal" family looks like, but I've heard stories about multiple generations sharing a turf.) (Please describe your neighborhood's crow family in the comments!) My crows feel most comfortable swooping down to grab the peanuts I throw if I'm sitting in my car, so I keep a bagful in the front seat for this purpose.
- Don't try to get too close. These are wild animals, after all. Your goal shouldn't be to tame them or take them as pets, which is illegal in most states anyway, and ethically dubious. Even after years of friendship, a crow will be skittish and standoffish (but admiring from afar) and it's better this way.
What Do Crows Like to Eat?
Crows are omnivorous scavengers so they're quite open-minded about what they eat. They'll do fruit, vegetables, insects, berries, kibble, popcorn, kitchen scraps, road kill, and—in a pinch—even vomit. I've heard that they show a preference for food wrapped in a fast-food wrapper (yes, they even recognize the brand). Their bad reputation as harbingers of death probably has something to do with the fact that they'll swoop down to help clean up a battleground (they are scavengers, after all). They'll pillage eggs from other birds and they'll rummage through your garbage can if you let them.
What can I feed the crows?
The crows in my neighborhood are slightly more choosy about what they eat, perhaps because they have access to many sources of food and can afford to be picky. I imagine that the diets of country crows differs vastly from that of their city-dwelling cousins. I've tried getting them to help me out in the garden by eating the snails, but they're not interested. I've tried kitchen scraps with mixed results—they pick out what they want and leave the mess for me to clean up—so mostly, I give them boiled eggs (which they gobble up, shell and all) and I keep a bag of roasted, unsalted peanuts in my car so I can toss them a handful whenever we meet.
Sometimes, the crows will peck open and gulp down the food right there in the street. Other times, especially with the peanuts, they'll stuff their gullets and fly off to cache their horde so they can enjoy it later. The peanuts' shells make them very portable and cacheable.
Crows' Favorite Foods
- unsalted peanuts, in the shell
- boiled eggs, shell and all
- table scraps
- cat or dog food, wet or dry
I've heard they love fast food but don't recommend that you give it to them.
Why Don't the Crows Trust Me?
One day, a man was walking by while I was feeding the crows. He was excited by the idea and wanted to try, so I gave him a handful peanuts. He walked under the telephone wire they were sitting on and held up his hand. The crows just eyeballed him.
"They're not going to come to you," I told him. "You have to throw the peanuts into the street."
So he tossed the peanuts down at his feet and looked up at the crows, who didn't budge. "What's the matter with them? Why won't they eat?" he wanted to know, and when I explained that crows aren't like that, that even though I'd been feeding them for years they never came closer than a few feet away, he lost interest and continued on down the street.
Crows can be skittish and aloof. They are never going to come running like a dog will for a lick and a pet, and their standoffish attitude is probably a major reason why they have thrived as a species for so long. Remember, crows are wild animals. In the US, it is illegal to keep native songbirds (crows included) as pets. If you want a pet you should get one, but if you're interested in crows, you'll have to learn to appreciate their charms from afar.
Besides, get real, most humans view crows as ominous, murderous evils (or at best, rats with wings). For centuries, they have played the bad guys in the stories humans tell themselves, and I'm sure those crows have noticed the eye-daggers most people shoot at them, how cars veer to the shoulder to intentionally run them over. Why wouldn't that distrust be mutual?
So crows will take their own sweet time deciding if they trust you or not, but once they know who you are, they'll never forget. At first, they may give you the cold shoulder and ignore your offerings, but don't take it personally. Remember that paranoia is all about survival but patience and vigilance will eventually pay off. If you pass the test, they will decide to trust.
Crows Recognize Faces
How Can I Communicate With Crows?
There are stories of crows who have learned certain words—the way a parrot can—but those stories are rare. Most of us will settle for a subtler kind of bird/human exchange and will learn to interpret the crow's own natural forms of communication.
Experts can identify many different calls, but even an amateur like me can begin to recognize certain sounds:
- When the crow on lookout sees the food you've offered, she'll summon her family members with a caw, caw, caw.
- To me, the "come eat!" call sounds a lot like the scolding noise they make when they see a stranger or a dog or some other possible threat.
- Then there's that rattling they do most often during mating season.
- After awhile, you may begin to recognize the difference between the vocalizations of an adult and a baby. (The babies sound whinier and chattier than their parents, go figure.)
- If you're lucky and they like you, they might mutter at you from above.
The crows will return the favor of your attention by learning to interpret your signs, as well. They will memorize your schedule and the sound of your car keys. Sometimes, when I'm standing like a crazy person in the street with a hard boiled egg in my hand and no crows in sight, I've taken to whistling to let them know I'm there. My whistle (a "yoo hoo" sound issued between my teeth) is like the dinner bell letting the crows know it's time to eat.
One summer I went away on vacation for a couple weeks and within a few days of my return, I came out of my house to find a huge group of crows waiting for me, making a cacophony of caws. It was a quite a spectacle and I don't know what they were trying to communicate to me, but I know it was something (see video below).
Crows Talk (But I Don't Know What It Means)
(The video above is one I took when I discovered a huge flock of crows outside my house one day.)
Where Did All the Crows Go?
Although the crows you see in your neighborhood "own" that territory and are very territorial, that doesn't mean they never leave. For most of the year, before the sun goes down, crows fly to a communal roost. They may fly for miles to get there, stopping here and there along the way to chat with other crows until they reach the roost, where they'll all sleep together, perhaps as many as a thousand in one place. (I've never seen a roost myself; one report says up to 40,000 crows may roost in one spot, another says that a roost may be a few hundred to two million.)
The only time crows build individual nests in their territory is during spring, when they become quite secretive to protect their young from predation. You may spy them from afar, carrying nest-building materials in their beaks. During this time, after the eggs are laid and when they're newly hatched, crows become even more skittish and standoffish than usual.
So if the crows suddenly disappear, don't worry—check your watch and calendar and you may understand why.
Can I Keep a Crow As a Pet?
Is it legal to keep a pet crow?
In the U.S., migratory birds are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. Even though crows don't always migrate, every type of crow you might find in the U.S. is included on the Department of the Interior's Federal Register of Migratory Birds. This means that it is illegal to take, possess, export, import, transport, sell, purchase, or trade any crow or any part of a crow (including feathers), or their eggs or nests, without a permit. It's also illegal to hunt, capture, take, or kill them without a permit in most states.
But what if I find the crow or nurse it back to health?
You are never supposed to take a crow in, no matter what. Even if you helped a crow heal from an injury or survive a storm, it is always illegal to keep a native crow, no matter how much you care about the creature. Even if you have a really good story, like; "He had been attacked by dogs so I nursed him back to health and now we're inseparable." The best thing to do if you find a crow-in-need is to call your local Wildlife Protective Services.
What happens if I break the law?
You could be charged with a felony. At the very least, you'll likely be fined and penalized. Not only that, but you'd be endangering the bird. It's unethical and unkind to take a wild bird and put it in a cage, especially since a crow would require a very large and special type of custom cage. Since you won't be able to find a vet that would treat your illegal crow, if it got sick, it would be entirely your fault.
Are crows good pets?
For many reasons, practical and moral, crows do not make good pets. People who work rehabilitating crows often compare taking care of crows to taking care of human babies. They'd need a custom cage that allowed them to stretch their wings at least, and, ideally, fly. They are extremely active and curious creatures and could get easily bored without constant interaction and innovation. That's how much time, care, and effort they require as pets. So taking a crow as a pet is like kidnapping a child, one who can't ever become independent in captivity. Not only that, but a crow might live 20 years. So you'd have a very long, difficult, expensive, full-time job tending your hostage.
Would a crow be happy as a pet?
You might try to convince yourself that you'll make a better crow family than a crow would and that your home will be more comfortable than a crow's natural habitat. But you'd be fooling yourself for selfish purposes. Crows are extremely intelligent and social creatures. Without friends and freedom, a crow is likely to get bored and depressed.
How can I get closer to crows without owning one?
You could become an accredited Wildlife Rehabilitator or volunteer at your local Wildlife Protection Services. Or, instead of trying to own and possess it, you could simply befriend the crow and let it live its natural life, in the wild, with its own crow family.
To read more about the idea of having a pet crow, read Crows as Pets: Is It Legal to Have a Pet Crow?
Do you want to be friends with crows?
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
Questions & Answers
I have a backyard where crows are comfortable. I feed them every second day or every day. We are comfortable within a meter. I love them. I am moving, not far but a 10min walk away. Will they find me?
This is a fascinating question. I doubt they'd find you on their own, unless their territory spans that far. If you're moving out of their territory, it would be awkward for them to barge in on another crow's territory to interact with you (bad crow etiquette to invade neighbor crow's area). You could do two things: 1. bring a pocket full of peanuts, go to your old house, and find them. Leave a trail of peanuts from your old house to your new while the crows are watching. If you did this a few times, your crows would learn your new place, but as I said, I'm not sure if they will follow or visit you there since it's probably not in their territory. The other option is simply to make new crow friends with the crows that live in your new neighborhood. Please let me know what you decide to do!Helpful 57
I have seen some ravens in my backyard, and I’m willing to make friends. How do I do this?
Well, ravens are a whole other thing. Crows are very skittish and shy, but ravens are even more so. Ravens are also more solitary and rural and less interested in humans in general. I wish I could tell you exactly how to make friends with ravens, but there are none in my neighborhood, so I'd be guessing. If I were you, I'd start with eggs and peanuts and go from there, but I wouldn't get my feelings hurt if they ignored me. Ravens are very good at taking care of themselves, and historically that has meant not relying on us humans for anything!Helpful 56
When you give crows peanuts, do you take the peanuts out of the husk?
No. I give them the whole thing, shell and all. They are so smart that if I gave them a can of food, they'd probably invent some genius tool to open it. No need to baby them! Besides, if the nut is still in the shell, it's easier for them to carry, cache, and save it for later.Helpful 47
Do crows mimick?
If you mean sounds, yes they do. They can repeat the sounds made by people, other animals, and inanimate objects. Songbirds and parrots can both mimic, and crows are songbirds. They can make sounds that sound very much like words, babies crying, dogs barking, doors slamming, car alarms, etc.Helpful 26
I have been feeding a young crow who was introduced to me via his dad whom I have been feeding for over a year. The young bird and I were very close and would feed out of my hand and bring gifts but I have not seen him for a few days? Where is he and why?
My guess is that she or he is out wooing someone. It's that time of year, you know. When crows are old enough, they mate for life and then establish their own territory. Maybe your crow friend is growing up.Helpful 22
© 2014 Joanna Fonté