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The Cane Toad: Australia's Greatest Pest

John was born and raised in Australia. Subsequently, he is interested in all things Australian: language, sport and culture.


The cane toad is probably the most hated of all of the creatures found in Australia today. Even other introduced species which are now classified as feral: rabbits, foxes, and cats (which have been responsible for the destruction of either the environment, native wildlife, or domestic poultry) don't elicit the same degree of distaste.

Even our many notoriously dangerous native creatures don't seem to have the same stigma associated with them. People may fear crocodiles, sharks, our many poisonous snakes, funnel web spiders and others, but we also respect them. Not so the cane toad.

Children in Australia are brought up to naturally detest the toad and I remember many an evening toad-hunting with flashlights, golf clubs or cricket bats in hand. When you found a toad, you took turns to use either implement to see who could hit the toad the farthest. (I'm sure if it was in the United States we would be also using a baseball bat to see who could hit a home run.)

During our wet summers the roads are covered with toads, and you see drivers swerve, not to miss them (as they do with other wildlife), but to run over or pop them. This may sound cruel but given the threat they pose to native wildlife (certain breeds of frog have almost become extinct in certain areas due to the toad influx), and their out-of-control breeding and spread, it's treated as an acceptable sport. I have to admit, they are also UGLY, and this certainly doesn't help their cause. If they were cute and cuddly, like furry little bunnies, they probably wouldn't be so nationally despised.


Cane Toads: Interesting Facts

  • 102 cane toads were introduced to Australia from Hawaii in 1935.
  • There are now more than 1.5 billion toads in Australia.
  • Toads now occupy an area of over one million square kilometres (620,000 square miles).
  • Cane toads have now advanced as far west as inside the Western Australian border. This is a distance of about 2,424 km or 1,506 miles from where they originated.
  • The western toads seem to have evolved larger and stronger hind legs, thought to have developed to allow them to travel farther. However the consequence of their longer legs, larger bodies, and faster movement, has been for 10% of these cane toads to have developed arthritis. It is estimated that cane toads can migrate at an average of 40 kilometres (25 miles) per year.
  • Cane toads have a strong mating drive and have actually been seen in their enthusiasm mating with rocks, clumps of dirt, human feet and roadkill.
  • Toads' preferred food is insects, but they will eat anything that fits into their mouths – living or dead. Analysis of a cane toads' stomach contents has revealed various insects, frogs, lizards, rocks, sticks, small mammals and smaller cane toads. They also love cat and dog food (I know this from experience).
  • A submission was made to the Guinness Book of World Records in 1975 about a cane toad called Gerty from Proserpine, Queensland to be classed as the worlds largest toad. Gerty allegedly weighed 3 kilograms (6.61 pounds) and was raised on a diet of beer. However while waiting for this record to be approved, Gerty died and the Guinness adjudicators rejected the record claim due to lack of evidence.
  • In 1988, Queensland Museum was given an enormous cane toad called Big Bette. This huge toad measured 22cm (8.6 inches) in length and weighed 1.8 kilos (4 pounds) - about the same weight as a Chihuahua dog.
  • In 2007 a giant toad labelled "Toadzilla" was captured in the Northern Territory. He was 20.5cm long and weighed 840 grams(1.9 pounds).
  • Cane toads are extremely hardy and have been observed hopping out of bush fires, climbing out of freshly tamped hot tar, or from under a newly cemented slab, and hopping away after being impaled or run over.
  • In 2008, a cane toad named Spew survived for 40 minutes in a dog’s stomach after being swallowed whole. Surprisingly the dog survived. Swallowing a toad usually proves fatal.
  • The RSPCA suggests that the most humane way to kill a toad is refrigeration. To do this, place the toad in a plastic bag or container, seal it, then refrigerate for 12 hours. The toad will go to sleep. Next, put the bag into the freezer for at least 24 hours and the toad will die painlessly.· A previous suggestion by the RSPCA recommended dispatching the toads humanely by smearing them with hemorrhoid cream. This method did not gain popularity.
  • A Queensland University study estimated that more than 200 tons of cane toad flesh is squashed on Queensland roads each year.
  • Prince Charles and Lady Diana were given a book bound in cane toad skin leather as a wedding present. In his “thank you” letter, Charles said it would give them much pleasure in their married life.
  • Toad venom is so potent that the poison from one toad can quickly kill a nine-foot crocodile.
  • Vets have recorded cases of clever domestic dogs licking the toads in controlled doses in order to get a "high" from the venom.

More Toad Facts


Cane Toad Biology

The cane toad (Rhinella marina) was formerly called Bufo marinus and is the largest species in the family Bufonidae. Adult cane toads are strongly built and weigh an average of up to 1.8 kg. (4 lbs.) and vary in size from 15–23 cm.(4-9 in.) Their skin is warty and their back and sides may vary in colour from olive-brown or reddish-brown to gray, and their bellies are yellowish or whitish with darker mottling. Their body is round and somewhat flat, their front feet are unwebbed, but their back feet have tough, leathery webbing. Cane toads have short legs and a ridged bony head with prominent eyes.

Behind their ears lie the parotid glands, which causes their head to appear swollen. These glands are used for defense against predators and produces a milky toxic secretion or poison that is deadly to many species. This venom affects heart function. It is painful, but not generally fatal for humans. However, it can cause severe burning of the eyes and hands, and skin irritation.

Recycling Toads

With the uncontrollable population explosion and spread of the cane toad around Australia, and the continued failure of eradication programs, some enterprising individuals and artists have turned the cane toad into a source of revenue rather than considering it a pest.

There have been art exhibitions featuring taxidermied toads posed in various scenarios as boxing and football matches etc. Many towns you visit in Queensland will have gift stores where you can buy "cane toad" souvenirs such as wallets, caps, key rings. etc. They are simply taking advantage of an area where there is a huge supply, and trying to create a growing demand for the products.

Cane toads are also being collected in huge numbers and turned into fertiliser. Although they are an ecological disaster, this is a way for some to be recycled and put to use improving the soil and plants.

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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2014 John Hansen


John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on May 28, 2015:

Thanks for reading MizB. I had to direct you to this after the comment on your Arkansaw Limerick hub. Our cane toads are deadly to anything that eats them including snakes. We have to empty the dog and chickens water everyday in Summer as you can be sure toads have been in the water bowls and poisoned them. Apparently some crows have learned how to kill and eat them by removing their poison glands. I know you can eat frogs legs but I would never try it with toads legs I'm afraid.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on May 28, 2015:

Thanks for reading MizB. I had to direct you to this after the comment on your Arkansaw Limerick hub. Our cane toads are deadly to anything that eats them including snakes. We have to empty the dog and chickens water everyday in Summer as you can be sure toads have been in the water bowls and poisoned them. Apparently some crows have learned how to kill and eat them by removing their poison glands. I know you can eat frogs legs but I would never try it with toads legs I'm afraid.

Doris James MizBejabbers from Beautiful South on May 28, 2015:

Good grief! I had no idea that a lethal toad existed, and from the comment from Mary615, apparently we have some poisonous ones here in the USA, too. I've heard stories of "mad dogs" foaming at the mouth because they licked a toad, but it soon wore off and the dog was all right. The joke is then he has to lick his behind 30 minutes to get rid of the taste.

We love our frogs and toads here in Arkansas. Your cane toad looks like it can grow bigger than our bullfrogs. My comment about "we don't eat toads" was actually referring to eating the legs of the bullfrog, which we consider a delicacy. They are water frogs and grow quite large. My uncle used to hunt them for food, but if you buy froglegs in a good restaurant, they can be pricey.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on March 04, 2015:

It seems our cane toad and your Bufo frog have similar traits Mary. The cane toad also only comes out after dark and are poisonous if a dog licks them. The worst part is they get in the dogs water dish and poison the water so it has to be emptied out every morning. The cane toad I obviously different from the "common" toad found elsewhere. Thanks for re-reading this.

Mary Hyatt from Florida on March 04, 2015:

I just reread your Hub and want to make an additional comment. We have the Bufo frog here in Florida. I wrote a Hub about them after a friend's little dog was killed by just licking the frog! There is a huge difference between the common toad and these Bufo frogs! They come out at dusk, so I never allow my little dog to go out after dark.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on March 07, 2014:

Hi Andy, thanks for reading. Yes, I think we are fighting a losing battle but just imagine what it would be like if we just sat back and ignored the toads. Everyone that does the same as your friend, or turns them into tourism gifts is helping to keep them under control to some extent.

Andy Aitch from UK & South East Asian Region on March 07, 2014:

Fascinating Hub that Jodah. I never realised so few had become so many. My friend lives in Brisbane, Queensland, and his evening ritual is to go around his back garden and putting any Cane toads he finds into a tub, which then goes into the deep freezer as per your article. He's been doing this for 20 years, but reading your Hub, it all seems a bit fruitless on the scope of things!

Andy Aitch

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 19, 2014:

Thanks for taking the time to read this chef and that it refreshed some memories. Yes some of our Aussie practices concerning this creature may seem barbaric to those not familiar with what a pest the toad has become. If they could be confined to an area of waste land it would be good but I guess that would be the desert. I don't know if toads could live there as they need water to breed, but they are so hardy they'd probably find a way to adapt. Thanks for the vote up and share.

Andrew Spacey from Sheffield, UK on February 19, 2014:

I remember seeing a documentary on t.v. some years ago about this incredible creature. Your article brought it all back to me, and more! Initially I was a bit alarmed when I saw these Aussie guys squelching them on the roads with glee, driving to pop 'em , as you mention, but as the programme progressed I calmed down a bit and recognised just what a problem the cane toad is.

I hope this toad isn't totally annihilated but controlled and given a waste area to live in, where it can breed to it's hearts content!!

Votes and shared.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 12, 2014:

Yeah it was all in the fun of the rivalry, people shouldn't have been so sensitive. I won't mention anything about number

Rod Marsden from Wollongong, NSW, Australia on February 12, 2014:

I remember years ago a State of Origin football game ad where NSW players were tossing cane toads over the boarder into Queensland. The bleeding hearts got onto the ad and put a stop to it. Cruelty to animals and all that. I thought it was fair enough since we didn't want cane toads coming into NSW from Queensland and Queenslanders were quite welcome in getting them back.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 12, 2014:

Thanks Ann, stay safe.

Ann Carr from SW England on February 12, 2014:

You're certainly welcome to some of our rain! Down here in Somerset it's been flooded since Christmas and not getting better - happily not affecting our house but we are near to a river! Ann

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 11, 2014:

Hi Ann, thanks for reading and your welcome comment. There are a few around at the moment as they come out of hibernation in the Summer but because we have had very little rain (not like poor London)their numbers are down. As soon as we have a downpour they will be out in force to breed. We need the rain badly but not the toads. Yes, they aren't even just a pretty face (though one of my readers said they were cute).

Ann Carr from SW England on February 11, 2014:

Great stuff! I've heard about these from my partner who lived and worked in Australia for several years. They look formidable and the poison sounds horrid. They really don't have anything going for them, do they?!!

Fascinating facts and figures here. Hope all's well and relatively toad-free for you out there in Queensland! Ann

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 10, 2014:

Thanks for reading truthfornow. Yes it is wrong to import foreign creatures into a unique environment like Australia. It has played havoc with our flaura and fauna. Thankfully they aren't all as big as the ones shown and described in this hub. I appreciate your comment.

Marie Hurt from New Orleans, LA on February 10, 2014:

Gross. That is too many toads for me. And so big. Why so big? That is just wrong. I like I would freak out if I saw all those toads on the roads as you have described. Problems happen when species come from somewhere else and just take over. Well done.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 09, 2014:

Thanks for reading Beth and your interesting comment. Haha yeah imagine trying to mate with a rock. I haven't heard them called 'cute' very often, but I guess they are one of God's creatures and never asked to be brought here. They are out of control, but they may be easier to deal with than wild boar. Thanks for the vote up too.

Beth Perry from Tennesee on February 09, 2014:

Oh my gosh, this is some fascinating info about them. It is a shame that they are so near-sighted; I can't imagine the rocks returning much affection during the mating process...

To tell the truth, they are kind of cute. But I sure wouldn't want to be troubled by this prolific species! Here in my part of the world we have a similar problem with wild boars introduced from Germany.

Thanks for sharing and I voted up.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 09, 2014:

Hi teaches, I have no idea how many different varieties of 'toads' there are, but we get so many here. During the wet seasons the roads are covered by them, you can't avoid 'popping' a few.

Dianna Mendez on February 09, 2014:

We have so many different kinds of toads here in Florida. Some are pretty big. Interesting that people try to pop them, but then when they are a danger to the environment, it is understandable.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 09, 2014:

Thanks for reading Rod and your comment and confirmation of the problem as well.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 09, 2014:

Yes Mel, it truly is a plague as Rod confirmed and even with the toad hunts and hundreds of men, women, and children collecting them, the numbers are still increasing. It may not be the most pleasant thing to keep in your freezer but it is the most humane way of dealing with them. I can't remember ever deliberately combining a few beers with a toad hunt, but having a few beers may have resulted in a game of toad golf or two inadvertently. We do have to try everything in our power to protect our unique natural wildlife. Thanks for your comment.

Rod Marsden from Wollongong, NSW, Australia on February 09, 2014:

Mel, freezing them is considered the humane way of killing them. You put them in with the dry ice in your portable esky and they go to sleep permanently. After they are thus collected the bodies can be disposed of where no native scavenger birds or birds of prey can get at them and die because of them. Mel a plague of truly Biblical proportions is an apt description. Actually children as well as adults collect the toads to freeze them and thus protect native wildlife so I can't imagine too much beer drinking involved.

Mel Carriere from Snowbound and down in Northern Colorado on February 09, 2014:

Who in their right mind is going to keep a bunch of frozen toads in their icebox? Sounds like a plague of truly Biblical proportions, and it sounds like you Aussie lads had a great time making a sport of toad hunting. I imagine there might have been a little bit of beer involved as well. Good luck in your crusade to eliminate this pest, as Australian wildlife is among the most diversified in the world. Great hub!

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 03, 2014:

Thanks for reading Kidscrafts, and for your interesting comment. Yes there are some massive ones here, they must just keep growing throughout their life (not sure on that fact). I guess our politicians and scientists thought they were doing the right thing by the sugar cane industry by introducing them because it had worked in Puerto Rico but their was a different Eco system there. I wrote a very detailed hub about the dangers of Gm crops but HP has unpublished it due to duplication. I don't know if I'll be able to get it back up but I'll try.

kidscrafts from Ottawa, Canada on February 03, 2014:

Very interesting facts about toads in Australia! They are HUGE!!! They must have "thick skin" to be turned into wallets and caps.... no pun intended!

The enrironment of Australia was not ready to receive rabbits, foxes, cats, toads and other creatures where there were not predators to keep an equilibrium. We have to be so careful to keep an equilibrium in nature in every part of the world (pollution, genetically modified food, new plants, new animals, etc.).

About big toads, I remember that when I was a teacher, I went with my class to a reconstructed village of old houses (Upper Canada Village) and I had several parents with me so everybody could visit the village at their own pace. At one point, I saw three boys with the mom of one of them and instead of visiting the houses they played catching big frogs (or toads) in the little river.... they had fun! They were not harming the animals they were just observing them. They were big frogs; I never saw as big as those.... until you wrote this article :-)

Enjoy your week!

WillStarr from Phoenix, Arizona on February 03, 2014:

We have the Colorado River Toad here in Arizona, and dogs are often poisoned by licking them, but they are native to the area, and not the pest you describe.

Voted up and interesting.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 03, 2014:

Thanks Eddy, It's great to be able to educate others on something they don't know about. Glad you enjoyed. Thanks for the vote up too

Eiddwen from Wales on February 03, 2014:

Another great hub from you Jodah.

I learnt a great deal on a subject I knew nothing about.

Loved it and voted up.


John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 03, 2014:

Thank you very much DDE. I am glad you found this an interesting read, and thanks for the vote up also.

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on February 03, 2014:

The Cane Toad (Australia's Greatest Pest) is a useful and well informed hub an educational read to many readers. You presented with a great photo and video and definitely huge.Voted up, interesting useful

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Thanks TotalHealth. I would hope the Government learned from their mistakes, unfortunately every time there is a change of leadership they seem to forget what happened before. Their reluctance to control GMO crops is not a good sign in my opinion either.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Thanks for reading Rod and your info about the annual collection at Iluka. I agree it was probably wrong to portray the toads as dinkum Aussies, but I guess they have been here so long they would have adopted that accent by now. Yes their trail of destruction is enormous. It seems more so here than any other country.

TotalHealth from Hermosa Beach, CA on February 02, 2014:

Fun hub! The cane toad is huge!! I wonder if the Australian government learned from this lesson in unintended consequences?

Rod Marsden from Wollongong, NSW, Australia on February 02, 2014:

I'll thrown in a useful. Every year at Iluka near Grafton in northern NSW cane toads are collected and put in a deep freeze for easy disposal. It is a big task. I don't know why the cane toad in the animated feature had an Australian accent. I think a south American accent would have been more appropriate since that is where they come from. The damage they do to native Australian wildlife, including our birds, is enormous. I admit I do hate the sight of them myself. To portray them as fairdinkum Australian is so wrong even in fun.

Sheila Brown from Southern Oklahoma on February 02, 2014:

I think I will pass on being the first to try, but thanks for the offer! LOL

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Hey Mary thanks for reading. Buford comes from their original scientific name Bufo Marinus. Yes they come out here at dusk as well. I find them flocking on my porch to the dog and cat bowls and water dishes which I am continually having to empty. I am interested in the fact they originated in Hawaii and how the situation is with them there. Are there natural predators?

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Hey CMHypno, thanks for your informative comment. Yes they have tried to train the quolls with some success, even blue tongue lizards apparently. If you check the link "More Toad Facts" just under the video it mentions that training program. Some birds have worked out how to eat toads too by avoiding the poison glands.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Thanks for visiting sgbrown. I don't think anyone's even considered trying to eat them but if we could they'd be a lot meatier than frogs legs. The Japanese manage to eat toad fish and they are poisonous, so why not. Maybe you want to volunteer to give cooking toads a try...and let us know. Good suggestion.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Thanks for reading Cat. Your comments are spot on. I hope people know by now that introducing foreign species just doesn't work. Though saying that cattle and sheep are introduced species. Australia has problems with others as well. Rabbits became almost as a much of a pest as the toad, breeding in such great numbers that they decimated grazing land and ate all available vegetation. Scientists were forced to develop the poison mixomotosis to control them. It is illegal to keep even pet rabbits in Queensland. Camels are also a problem in outback Australia. Do you realise that we have more camels then Saudi Arabia?

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Thanks for your great comment Faith. Funny that they were successfully introduced to other countries like Puerto Rico to control the cane beetle, but here they went out of control and our wildlife couldn't't handle the toxin. Hey, it's safe to sunbathe on most beaches here (only Northern Territory and Far North Queensland where the dangerous salt water crocs will get you). Just don't go in the water or the sharks, box jellyfish or sting rays might get Oh and don't walk in any rock pools or you may stand on a blue ringed octopus, the most deadly of all. Ah Australia, what a wonderful

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Alicia, I do think people on the whole are becoming more humane and concerned about animal welfare even with pest species. I haven't used the golf club or cricket bat method since I was a child. The RSPCA recommends freezing them and I think most people trying to eradicate them follow this method, though I think most of us are now just resigned to living with them.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Yes sujaya venkatesh, certainly is.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Thank you Mick. They aren't my favourite creature either but it seems we just have to learn to live with them. We Aussies are ingenious about ways of making money from just about anything.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Glad you found these facts about the cane toad interesting Bill. They are so common here and have such a big impact that I thought they were deserving of a hub.

Mary Hyatt from Florida on February 02, 2014:

We have these frogs in Florida. The common name for them here is the Bufo frog. I wrote a Hub about them some time ago. Their saliva is very toxic to pets, and can even kill a small dog. They come out here at dusk. You wrote a very informative Hub about this frog. Voted UP etc.

CMHypno from Other Side of the Sun on February 02, 2014:

Invasive species are a major problem in many countries, but the cane toad is in a league of its own. It has been decimating native Australian species and is spreading at horrific speed. I saw an interesting programme where they were training juvenile northern quolls, which are highly endangered, in the Northern Territory to dislike the taste of cane toad by feeding them dead toad containing a mild poison that made them vomit. The idea was to make them avoid eating cane toads when they were released, but apparently this taste aversion experiment has only been marginally successful

Sheila Brown from Southern Oklahoma on February 02, 2014:

This is very interesting! Those are some really big toads! What about eating them like you do frog legs? I now they are poisonous, but so are rattlesnakes and many people eat them. I love fried frog legs! Up and interesting! :)

Catherine Tally from Los Angeles on February 02, 2014:

Hi Jodah,

This is just one sobering example of the downside to non-native species introductions for pest control. In an effort to rid sugar cane fields of its beetle pest, this toad was brought in w/ no known predators. Worse still, their poison kills the natural predators of other pests too. What a HUGE mistake!! I dislike cruelty to animals but found the animated short well done and entertaining. Thanks for the good information.

My best,

Cat :)

Faith Reaper from southern USA on February 02, 2014:

That is a lot of big toads!!! Yes, one should not transplant a creature from its natural environment to another for sure. I was attempting to understand exactly in what manner are the toads a danger to the environment but I guess it is their sheer number and then I read about their venom being toxic. I am glad they have come up with a humane way to get rid of the toads, even if they are a pest. I know Australia is known for the most dangerous snakes, spiders and crocs that come out of the ocean ... I would be too afraid to sunbathe on the beach LOL, but never heard of these toads. Thank you for the education. Fascinating how they are able to escape through concrete, tar and fire!

Up and more and sharing

Have a great Sunday without too many toads getting in the way!


Faith Reaper

Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on February 02, 2014:

This is a very interesting and informative hub, Jodah! Even though the cane toad is such a big problem, I'm glad that the RSPCA has suggested a humane way kill the animals. I hope that people who want to get rid of the toads follow the RSPCA's advice.

sujaya venkatesh on February 02, 2014:

frying pan to fire uh jo

saltymick on February 02, 2014:

I hate toads but I love this hub - only in Oz would they make cool hats out of something so ugly. I've run over my share of them too. Good one mate.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on February 02, 2014:

That thing is damn big!!!! Well, I love nature so naturally I loved this hub. I can't get enough of information like this. Thanks John!

Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on February 02, 2014:

Thanks, I will go check that out!

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Thanks for reading Jackie, yes God certainly does know best and we shouldn't interfere. There are birds that have worked out how to eat them if you check the link, "Small Animal Talk" at the top of the hub just under the video.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Thanks for your comment Flourish. I'm not for cruelty either nowadays and most of the toads are killed by freezing now.

Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on February 02, 2014:

Very interesting. Seems we all have major problems from things introduced that just don't belong. Should show man God knows what he is doing and they don't, huh? I have a frog hub I am working on but much different. I bet it would be so aggravating to have to manually kill each one to get rid of them. Maybe scientists could figure out something to give a few that would spread, unless you have animals that eat them? ^+

FlourishAnyway from USA on February 02, 2014:

Very interesting hub, John. We have a similar problem with pythons in Florida, but I sure hate to know about cruelty.

John Hansen (author) from Gondwana Land on February 02, 2014:

Thanks Frank. I guess you'll never look at a toad the same way again. Glad this hub provided you with some new information. I thought the video was funny too.

Frank Atanacio from Shelton on February 02, 2014:

wow so much information here about toads, frogs or me i see the same thing whenever I come across a toad and that's probably maybe one toad/frog a year. this hub is filled with information and the video is funny not gross..i think

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