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What Do Fennec Foxes Eat in the Wild and in Residential Homes?

In my childhood, I adopted a puppy that changed my life and attitude towards animals. I have since become a lifelong animal lover.

Two fennec foxes, sometimes called "desert foxes"

Two fennec foxes, sometimes called "desert foxes"

Fennec Foxes: Wild and Domestic

Fennec foxes are cute but cunning. They mostly thrive in the wild, but they can also be kept as pets and in residential homes. Just like small dogs, you can carry them around and play with them.

Fennec foxes have long coats that are thick and soft. Their colors usually range from white to cream, and they have bushy black-tipped tails. They also have very large ears that are useful for hunting prey and dispelling heat.

The majority of fennec foxes live in the Sahara Desert in North Africa, but there are also others that can be found in Northern Morocco as well as near Nigeria, Chad, and Kuwait.

These creatures are used to desert life, which is why they are known as "desert foxes." They are adept at camouflage and running in the sand. They do not mind the terrain and extreme heat. In fact, they are able to survive without drinking water for long periods.

Fennec foxes get most of their water supply from the food that they eat, which is one of the reasons they must be well-fed. Even though fennec foxes are closely related to dogs, their diet is very similar to that of a cat. So, what do fennec foxes eat on a regular basis?

What Do Fennec Foxes Eat?

ProteinsVegetables and RootsFruitsCommercial Food Products


Anything except leafy greens and carrots


Cat food


Anything except grapes

Vitamins and supplements


Pasteurized milk



All seafood except tuna

Outdoor Fennec Foxes vs. Indoor Fennec Foxes

Fennec foxes are small. Some of them are even smaller than cats. Hence, it is possible to keep them as pets. In fact, domesticating them can increase their lifespan. Indoor fennec foxes may live up to fourteen years, while those left out in the wild may only live up to ten years.

Fennec foxes that are in the wild mostly survive on insects and other animals, such as beetles, lizards, birds, rodents, and reptiles. They also eat bird eggs. At times, they scavenge for roots and fruits. They need protein to stay active. They also get leafy nutrition by eating animals that consume plants.

Fennec Foxes Need Plenty of Protein

Fennec foxes are actually part of the canine family. Nonetheless, their diet is similar to that of a feline. So, if you get a fennec fox for a pet, you have to give it lots of protein. Keep in mind that these creatures cannot digest fiber properly. Refrain from giving them human food such as oats. You should also not give them carrots, grains, and corns.

As much as possible, you should give it meats and insects. Stay as close to the wild fennec fox diet as possible. Otherwise, your fennec fox may develop liver disease or cardiomyopathy.

Prioritize Raw Meat

You should also give your pet raw meat. According to a study conducted by Dr. Francis Pottinger, cats on raw diets were generally healthier than cats on cooked diets. In fact, those that were given cooked foods developed heart problems, infections, allergies, arthritis, and neurological diseases.

So, in order to play safe, you should only give raw meats to your fennec fox. Nonetheless, you may give it cooked chicken and seafood. You can mix these cooked meats with its usual meals.

You can give it dozens of crickets, mealworms, silkworms, and other types of insects along with their eggs. You can also feed it some mice or raw meat. In addition, you can give it some commercial food, particularly cat food. Just make sure that such food contains lots of meat products and taurine.

To ensure that your fennec fox gets sufficient amounts of taurine, you can give it taurine capsules. You can mix the supplements with its diet of vegetables and meats. Foxes also need Vionate, which is a type of vitamin. You can give this to your pet twice per week.

Don't Forget the Veggies

Aside from meats, you can also give your fennec fox vegetables, such as broccoli and tomatoes. You can either feed it frozen or fresh vegetables. You can also give it fruits and berries. Cherries and cranberries, in particular, are recommended because they can help neutralize urine odor. After all, they do eat vegetables, fruits, and roots in the wild.


Even though fennec foxes are able to survive for long periods of time without drinking water, you should make sure that your pet has access to a water supply. After all, it lives inside your home, not outside in the wild. The domesticated fennec fox diet should mimic the natural diets of these animals as much as possible.

Fennec foxes that thrive in the desert stay hydrated by retaining moisture from the dew that accumulates in their burrows and from their food. Make sure that your pet drinks clean and fresh water. You can train it to drink from a ceramic dish or a water bottle designed for big rabbits.

Ideal Pet Food Brands for a Fennec Fox

If you give commercial food to your fennec fox, make sure that you rotate the meats. Give your pet raw, dry, and canned food. Here are some of the cat food brands that you can buy:

  1. Prairie (Nature’s Variety): It is available in canned, frozen raw, and dried varieties. It is rich in taurine and has very little grains.
  2. Wellness: It has a special formula that contains 2% taurine and 8% fat. Its main ingredients are salmon, herring meal, deboned turkey, menhaden fishmeal, and salmon meal. It does not have any artificial preservatives.
  3. Mazuri Wild Feline: It is rich in taurine, making it ideal for fennec foxes.
  4. Azmira: It contains natural ingredients that are good for fennec foxes.

By this time, you already have an idea about the diets of fennec foxes in the wild and in residential homes. Here is a list of the foods that you can give your beloved fennec fox:

Raw beef muscle

Raw pork muscle

Cooked crab

Cooked clams

Raw beef kidney

Raw chicken muscle

Cooked tone

Cooked moule

Raw lamb muscle

Raw oysters

Cooked squid

Pasteurized milk

Raw lamb kidney

Raw codfish

Cooked octopus


Raw pork liver

Raw clams

Cooked scallops


Worms Are a Good Protein Source

Since your pet fennec fox lives in an urbanized area, there is no way for it to hunt for protein outdoors. Thus, you need to give it sufficient amounts of protein to maintain its good health.

Worms are excellent protein sources for your fennec fox. They are widely available in pet stores and even easy enough to grow at home. Experts recommend feeding fennec foxes several dozens of mealworms and silkworms per day.

How to Raise Mealworms at Home

In order to save money on pet food and ensure that your fennec fox only eats high-quality foods, you can raise mealworms in your home. Simply get a tub and fill it with wheat germ. Your base should be thick enough to hold the mealworms.

You can feed these mealworms cornmeal, potatoes, carrots, and apples. Don't forget to give them powdered milk and monkey biscuits to increase their size and protein content. Never use hormones on your mealworms to make them bigger; this would only reduce their nutrition content.

Aside from mealworms, you can also raise black bugs. However, before you feed the adult bugs to your fennec fox, see to it that they have already laid out eggs. This way, you will not run out of black bug supply.

Essentially, you need to make sure that your fennec fox has a balanced diet. Depending on its age and size, it may require a certain balance of foods. For instance, pregnant or young fennec foxes may need more protein. Overweight fennec foxes, on the other hand, may consume more vegetable matter.

Additional Health Tips

Just like dogs, fennec foxes are social animals. They like to play and run around. They are very active and can be trained to do certain tricks, such as fetching. To prevent your exotic pet from running away, always keep it on a leash whenever it is outside.

Furthermore, you should take your pet to the veterinarian on a regular basis to ensure that it is in top shape. Additionally, aside from nutritious foods, you should also give your fennec fox the right vitamins and supplements to prolong its lifespan.

Tell Others About This Amazing Animal

Now that you have reached the end of this article, you have learned more about fennec foxes that you ever did before. What do fennec foxes eat when they are in the desert? What types of food can you give a fennec fox that lives in an urban home? Share your answers, along with this article, with family and friends on social media. Ask them, too, about what they think of fennec foxes and whether or not they would be willing to keep one.


  • FENNEC DIET AND HEALTH, by fennecfoxes. Retrieved on May 5, 2019.
  • Fennec fox, by dkfindout. Retrieved on May 5, 2019.
  • Fennec fox, by National Zoo. Retrieved on May 5, 2019.
  • Fennec Fox, by Wild Life Learning Center. Retrieved on May 5, 2019.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.

© 2019 Cool Rare Animals


Jane Joslinne on May 02, 2020:

WOW I was doing a project for school and boy did this help me!

The Logician from then to now on on May 05, 2019:

This is an excellent article. I plan on getting a fennec fox one day.

I’ve had red, silver, arctic, and gray foxes when I lived in NY. At that time, because there were fox farms for fur production for years in NY, all breeds of fox were classified as farm animals, so they were legal to have and no permit was required as long as you had proof they weren’t taken from the wild. I got mine from private breeders and animal dealers for privately owned zoos.

My favorite by far was the gray fox. Very catlike, actually spend a lot of time climbing trees so they loved to sit on my shoulders when I take them out to the mall or just for a walk.

Just yesterday I saw a red fox running through my neighborhood with a dead gray kitten dangling from its mouth.